INTRODUCTION
 
Perhaps the most important index of civilization of a society and indeed the measure of the strength of a nation is the humane treatment and the measure of respect it accords the disabled, weak and infirm members of its population.

Introduction


On December 10, 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Following this historic act, the Assembly called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and "to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories."

Introduction

Climate change is today widely recognized as one of mankind's greatest challenges in the 21st Century. Left unchecked, its effects will seriously harm economies, societies and ecosystems all around the world, especially in developing countries. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change (IPCC), the leading body to review climate change science, published its 4th Assessment Report. The report gave a clear signal that climate change is happening and accelerating, that much of it is caused by the continued emission of greenhouse gases from human activities and that it can have severe impacts. International conferences like the Bali Climate Change Conference and the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, addressed these issues.

INTRODUCTION

There is no doubt that some of the most critical issues and debates of today are in the subject of Intellectual Property (IP) since it cuts across all disciplines: political, legal, economic, social, cultural, technological and more. It impacts directly on the most important issues of access that are critical to human development: from access to knowledge, to technology, to medicines and the entire subject of development, especially among developing countries. IP impacts all spheres of human endeavor and affects everyone at all levels and in all regions of the world.